Four-year degree programs in Canada are undergraduate, medical, or doctorate degree programs. In Canada, the length of time it takes to complete an undergraduate degree or a PhD program can vary anywhere from three to five years, depending not only on the program itself but also on the region in which the university is located. Before beginning their four years of study toward a Doctor of Medicine degree, candidates in the medical field are required to get a bachelor’s degree. In order to enroll in the PhD program of their choice in Canada, prospective students must already hold either a master’s or a bachelor’s degree.
Universities in Canada Where One Can Complete a Bachelor’s Degree in Four Years
It is recommended that you begin planning your journey to Canada with the selection of an academic institution that you would like to attend. Naturally, this will be determined by a variety of circumstances, including the field of study, the type of degree program, and the location of the educational institution. After being accepted into a four-year degree program, students at a number of universities in Canada are eligible for scholarships.
If you are considering attending school in Canada but aren’t sure where to start, the following is a list of some of the most prestigious universities the country has to offer.
- University of Toronto.
- University of Manitoba.
- University of Waterloo
- McMaster University
- University of Calgary
- University of Alberta
- McGill University
- University of British Columbia
- Université de Montréal
- University of Winnipeg
General Requirements for Admission into a Bachelor’s Degree Program That Is Four Years Long in Canada
Before being able to enroll in the program of their choosing at a university in Canada, students at all levels (undergraduate, medical, and doctoral) need to first earn admission.
When applying to study for a four-year degree at one of Canada’s universities, prospective students are typically required to provide the following requirements:
- Copy of a high school or secondary school transcript/certificate (undergraduate applications)
- Copy of a master’s degree certificate or bachelor’s degree certificate from any accredited university (postgraduate applicants).
- Proof of funds or finance which is usually in the form of bank statements.
- English proficiency scores or certificate
- Official transcripts from previous universities
- A resume or CV
- Recommendation letters submitted by your referees to the school
- SAT or ACT scores (undergraduate applicants)
- Official MCAT scores (for medical school applicants)
- A completed application form
- A statement of purpose or personal statement.
Canada Student Visa or Study Permit
The subsequent stage, following receipt of a letter of acceptance from a Canadian university, would be to submit an application for a study permit and student visa (temporary visa or electronic travel authorization). While a student visa or electronic travel authorization is a legal permit that allows the student to enter Canada, a study permit is a legal document that allows the student to study and live in Canada for the period of its validity. A study permit differs from a student visa or electronic travel authorization in that it allows the student to study and live in Canada. Typically, an electronic travel authorization is bound to a person’s passport and is valid for a period of five years from the date it was issued. To be able to enroll in a school in Canada, you need both of these documents.
Procedures to Follow in Order to Obtain a Student Visa and a Study Permit
- Get admitted to a Canadian university and accept the offer of Admission– An acceptance letter will be sent to you by the university most times by email. This allows you to start your study permit and student visa application.
- Check Your Eligibility to Apply for a Study permit- The following individuals or group might not have to apply for a study permit;
- Those enrolling in a course that has a duration of 6 months or less
- Members of foreign armed forces from a country designated as visiting forces act.
- Family Members or private staff members of a diplomatic agent, consular officer, representative, or official of a country other than Canada, of the United Nations, or any of its agencies, or of any international organization of which Canada is a member do not require a study permit. Instead, they require diplomatic or official visas.
- Indians who are registered in Canada.
- More eligibility information to apply for a study permit can be found on the Government of Canada’s official website.
- Prepare Documents Required for a Study Permit Application- Ensure all required documents for the study permit application are complete. The list of documents required to apply include:
- The original letter of acceptance from the designated learning institution or university
- A valid international passport/travel document
- A letter of intent
- Two recent passport-size photographs, on which the name of the student and date of birth has been specified on the back.
- Bank Statement showing proof of sufficient financial support to study in Canada. The amount usually covers tuition fees and living expenses for one year.
- An English proficiency test certificate (IELTS Academic, TOEFL iBT, Duolingo, PTE Academic, C1 Advanced) is required if the student comes from a non-English speaking country. A Certificat d’acceptation du Québec, is required in addition to the following: English and French translations, a copy of the original documents, and a statement from the translator. These documents must be submitted if the student plans to study in Quebec.
- A medical certificate or record is required to prove that the student is in a good state of health.
- A Police Certificate is required to confirm that the student has no criminal record
- Proof of study permit fee payment (150 CAD – rate might change).
- A filled student permit application form
- Apply for a Canadian Study Permit– A student must apply for a study permit before entering Canada. The study permit is applied for using the Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s website. The documents listed by post should be sent by post to the Canadian embassy in the applicant’s country if there is a slow or no internet connection in the applicant’s country.
- Book for a Biometrics Appointment and Interview– The student will need to book a biometric appointment in his/her country at a Canadian Visa application center or embassy. This should be done as soon as possible before the deadline on the biometric instruction letter. The student is required to enter his/her biometric data such as fingerprints and signature during the process and pay a biometric fee of 85 CAD. An interview might follow after the biometric capture.
Time Required for the Processing of a Canadian Study Permit
After submitting an application for a study permit, the application will be processed over the course of approximately ninety days. It is essential to submit all of the relevant documentation in order to avoid having the application declined or the processing time being prolonged. If the applicant chooses to pay an additional 150 CAD and use the student Direct stream, the processing period can be sped up to roughly 20 days. Candidates from Senegal, China, Vietnam, Morocco, India, Pakistan, and the Philippines are eligible to apply for this opportunity.
If a student’s application for a study permit has been successful, the student will receive a letter of introduction confirming that the student is allowed to enter Canada. This letter must be presented at the time of entry. After the student has shown this letter to the officer working the Canadian border, the officer will then proceed to award the student his or her study permit at the port of entry into Canada. In addition, an electronic travel authorization will be linked to the student’s passport. This authorisation will remain valid for either five years or until the passport expires, whichever comes first. [helpful link]
Obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree in Canada While Maintaining Full-Time Employment
Students who have a current study permit are allowed to work in Canada for a maximum of 20 hours per week during the academic semesters and for an unlimited number of hours during the school breaks and vacations. Students can earn money to help defray the costs of living by finding work either on or off campus. While they are attending school, students in Canada have the opportunity to work part-time occupations such as the following:
- Teacher’s assistant
- Freelance writer
- Freelance graphic designer/UX designer
- Sales development representative
- Uber driver
- Customer service assistant
There are undergraduate programs that run four years and include career-related cooperative work or co-ops that can last anywhere from four to twelve months. Students have the option to participate in internships throughout the summer, with some programs allowing them to complete as many as four terms in a row. Students who participate in cooperative education programs have the opportunity to earn money while gaining practical experience in their area of academic concentration.